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Hanyangling Museum

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  • Nanque Gate, Hanyangling
    Nanque Gate, Hanyangling
  • Emperor's Tomb, Hanyangling
    Emperor's Tomb, Hanyangling
  • A Chariot, Hanyangling
    A Chariot, Hanyangling
  • A Clay Pig, Hanyangling
    A Clay Pig, Hanyangling
  • Two Pottery Men, Hanyangling
    Two Pottery Men, Hanyangling
  • Pottery Figures, Hanyangling
    Pottery Figures, Hanyangling
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Situated on the bank of the Wei River in the northern suburb of Xian, Hanyangling Mausoleum contains the tombs of the Emperor Jingdi (188 - 141 BC) and his wife Empress Wang of the Western Han Dynasty (202 BC - 9 AD). The construction of the tomb began in 153 BC and took 28 years to complete. Today, the mausoleum is the combination of a history museum, modern technologies, ancient civilization, historical culture and garden scenery.

Emperor Jingdi was the fourth Emperor of the Western Han Dynasty. Reigning for 17 years, he introduced many innovative reform policies such as a reduced levy of labors and taxes, a limit on the use of tortures, the permission of marriage with the Huns and giving the people peace and security to usher in prosperity. The period was called 'Enlightened Administration of the Wen-jing Period' which began during his father Emperor Wendi's reign.

The plan of the mausoleum forms an irregular rectangle. Centered on the Emperor's tomb, the northern and southern sides are symmetrical, and the connecting eastern and western display the rigorous structures and strict hierarchy of that ancient society. The mausoleum is 166.5 meters (182 yards) from east to west, 155.4 meters (170 yards) from north to south and 31.6 meters (104 feet) high, with an area of more than 3,000 mu (494 acres). It is comprises the Emperor and Empress` graveyards, southern and northern accessory pits, ritual buildings, the accessory tombs, criminal's graveyards, and Yangling town. The Emperor's tomb is surrounded by 81 burial pits, the separate Empress' tomb, southern and northern accessory pits and the remains of ritual buildings. 5 kilometers far from the tomb is the 110 meters (120 yards) wide Sacred Road leading to Yangling town. On either side of the road, there are 10,000 odd subordinate tombs of ancient high officials, as majestic as the ancient morning court held by the emperor. 

The 81 burial pits around the Emperor's tomb are an important part of the mausoleum. Covering ten outside pits, the new-built Protection Hall is a complete underground museum. It is the first underground museum to employ the most advanced preservation and exhibition technique of Cultural Relics. Visitors are able to closely appreciate the relics from different angles in the mysterious environment and to experience the colorful imperial life with the most advanced spectra vision technology in the world.

 Entrance Fee: CNY 90 (Mar. to Nov.) CNY 65 (Dec. to Feb.);
Underground Palace: CNY 35 (Mar. to Nov.) CNY 25 (Dec. to Feb.)

A. from Xian: Take Tourism Bus No. 4 (Through) at the South Gate from the Tang Paradise to Zhangjiabao stop and change to Tourism  Bus No. 4 to Hanyangling Museum;
B. from Xianyang: Take Bus No. 5 at Xianyang Railway Station and get off at Hanyangling Museum.

Questions & Answers on Hanyangling Museum
  • I purchased some porcelain at the Hanyanling Museum shop, in March 2012 and I am interested in buying more pieces. Do you have an email address for that shop?

    Many thanks for your assistance.

    Asked By Charles Aronson (Australia) | Aug. 13, 2012 23:58
    3 AnswersAnswer Question
  • Asked By Denise Jepson (Australia) | Feb. 24, 2011 22:05
    1 AnswerAnswer Question
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