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China Public Holidays

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When making plans for a tour of China, some general knowledge about Chinese holidays can be useful to avoid transportation peaks and crowded tourist attractions. There are three kinds of public holidays in China: national holidays, holidays for some citizens, and the traditional ones for Chinese ethnic groups.

All Chinese people take a vacation on the national holidays, which include New Year's Day (January 1st), Spring Festival (1st day of the first lunar month), Tomb-sweeping Day (April 4th or 5th), May Day (May 1st), Dragon Boat Festival (5th day of the 5th lunar month), Mid-Autumn Festival (15th day of the 8th lunar month), and National Day (October 1st).

In addition to these national holidays, there are also some for certain groups of citizens: Women's Day (March 8th), Youth Day (May 4th), Children's Day (June 1st), and Army Day (August 1st). These groups usually have half a day off for these holidays.

Ethnic groups in China have their own holidays according to tradition, such as the Tibetan Spring Festival (January 1st in Tibetan calendar), the Water-Splashing Festival of the Dai Nationality (14th to 16th of April, 24th to 26th day of the sixth month of the Dai calendar), and the Nadam Fair of the Inner Mongolian people (Between July and August).

For students and teachers, summer vacation usually falls in July and August, and winter vacation starts from the week before the Spring Festival and ends one week after the Spring Festival holiday.

 Calendar of 2016 and 2017 Chinese Public Holidays

Holidays
Legal Holiday
Date
Days Off, 2016
Days Off, 2017
New Year's Day
1 day
Jan. 1st
Jan. 1st ~ 3rd
Jan. 1st ~ 3rd
Spring Festival
3 days
Chinese New Year Eve, the 1st and 2nd days of the first lunar month
Feb. 7th ~ 13th
Jan. 27th ~ Feb. 2nd
Tomb-Sweeping Day
1 day
Apr. 4th or 5th
Apr. 2nd ~ 4th 
Apr. 2nd ~ 4th
May Day
3 days
May 1st
Apr. 30th ~ May 2nd
Apr. 29th ~ May 1st
Dragon Boat Festival
1 day
5th day of the 5th lunar month
Jun. 9th ~ 11th
May 28th ~ 30th
Mid-Autumn Festival
1 day
15th day of the 8th lunar month
Sep. 15th~17th 
Together with National Day Holiday
National Day
3 days
Oct. 1st, 2nd, and 3rd
Oct. 1st ~ 7th
Oct. 1st ~ 7th
Women's Day
half a day for women
Mar. 8th
Mar. 8th
Mar. 8th
Youth Day
half a day for the youth above 14 years old
May 4th
May 4th
May 4th
Children's Day
one day for children under 14 years old
Jun. 1st
Jun. 1st
Jun. 1st
Army Day
half a day for active servicemen
Aug. 1st
Aug. 1st
Aug. 1st

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