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What makes China, with a population of more than 1.3 billion, so mysterious to people from all over the world? The answer with one voice is its history of over 5,000 years. Like other nations in the world, China went through the stages of primitive society, slave society, feudal society, semi-colonial and semi-feudal society (a special stage because of the foreign capitalist forces' invasion), and socialist society (since the founding of the People's Republic in 1949).

During this long period, the diligent and courageous Chinese people have all strived to create a brilliant civilization for all mankind. Especially during the 2,000-year feudal society from the Qin Dynasty to the Qing Dynasty, historical records boast great achievements on politics, economy, inventions and culture. There are Four Great Inventions of the Chinese people in ancient times: papermaking, printing, the compass and gunpowder. There is also one of the world’s wonders the Great Wall. The spectacular Terracotta Warriors is the proof the powerful Qin Dynasty; the Chinese poems recorded the prosperous Tang and Song dynasties; the majestic Forbidden City reflects the flourishing age of the Ming and Qing dynasties.

The general introduction of China's history as follows can help tourists accomplish a cultural tour across China.

Dynasties or Periods
Duration
1.7 million years ago 21st Century BC
21st - 17th Century BC
17th - 11th Century BC
Zhou Dynasty (Western Zhou)
11th Century - 771BC
Eastern Zhou
Spring and Autumn Period (770BC - 476BC)
Warring States Period (476BC - 221BC)
221BC - 207BC
Western Han (206BC - 24AD)
Eastern Han (25 - 220)
220 - 280
Western Jin (265 - 316)
Eastern Jin (317 - 420)
Southern Dynasties (420 - 589)
Northern Dynasties (386 - 581)
581 - 618
618 - 907
Five Dynasties (907 - 960)
- Later Liang (907 - 923)
- Later Tang (923 - 936)
- Later Jin (936 - 946)
- Later Han (947 - 951)
- Later Zhou (951 - 960)
Ten States (902 - 979)
Northern Song (960 - 1127)
Southern Song (1127 - 1279)
916 - 1125
1038 - 1227
1115 - 1234
1271 - 1368
1368 - 1644
1644 - 1911
Republic of China
1911 - 1949
The People's Republic of China
1949 - now

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