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Great Wall History

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  • Beijing Badaling
    Beijing Badaling
  • Shandan Han Dynasty Great Wall
    Shandan Han Dynasty Great Wall
  • Simatai of the Ming Dynasty
    Simatai of the Ming Dynasty
  • Beijing Simatai
    Beijing Simatai
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With a construction period of over 2,000 years, China Great Wall, measuring around 5,500 miles in total, is the greatest man-made military defensive system in the world.

It's said that more than 20 vassal states and feudal dynasties in Chinese history had ever built the wall, including the Qin (221 - 207 BC), Han (206 BC - 220) and Ming (1368 - 1644) dynasties.

Hereunder is the Great Wall Chronology for your reference:

Great Wall
Length (mile)
Construction Period

Warring States (475 - 221BC)
From the Changqing County on the bank of the Yellow River in the west to Qingdao City at the coast of the Yellow Sea


685-645 BC
Chu State

Dengzhou City, Zhenping, Lushan, Yexian and Qinyang counties in Henan

155 656 BC

Qin State

Huayin, Pucheng, Baishui, Wuqi, Jingbian, Zhidan, Ansai, Suide, Yulin and Shenmu counties in Shaanxi; Minxian, Lintao, Tongwei, Jingning and Huanxian counties in Gansu; Guyuan County in Ningxia


461-409 BC
& 272 BC
Laiyuan, Tangxian, Shunping and Quyang counties in Hebei


369 BC
Huayin, Dali, Chengcheng and Heyin counties, Hanchen City in Shaanxi; Yuanyang and Mixian counties, Zhengzhou City in Henan


361-358 BC & 355 BC
Han State
Under discovery
355 BC
Yixian, Xushui, Anxin, Xiongxian, Wen'an, Dacheng and Weichang counties, Zhangjiakou City in Hebei; Duolun County and Chifeng City in Inner Mongolia; Chaoyang City in Liaoning


334 BC & 254 BC
Cixian and Lizhang counties of Hebei; Wuyuan, Guyang and Zhuozi counties, Hohhot and Baotou cities in Inner Mongolia


333 BC & 300 BC

Qin Dynasty
(221 - 207 BC)
From the Huashan Mountain, via Huayin Temple, Weihe River and Pucheng County, to the Huanglong Mountain in Baishui County; from the Minxian County in Gansu, via southern Ningxia, back to Gansu, across northern Shaanxi and southern Inner Mongolia, to the western bank of the yellow River at the end


214 BC

Han Dynasty
(206 BC - 220)
Renovation of the Qin's wall

201 BC
Restoration of the wall on a larger scale 130 BC
From Yongdeng County to Jiuquan City 121 BC
From Jiuquan City to Yumenguan 111 BC
From Yumenguan to Luobupo in Xinjiang 104 BC
Northern Wei From the northeast of Chicheng County, via Zhangbei, Shangyi and Xinghe counties, Hohhot and Baotou cities, to Urad Qianqi of Inner Mongolia

Northern Qi From Lishi County to Shuoxian County in Shanxi 124 552
From Juyongguan to Datong City in Shanxi 280 555
Renovation of the section built in 552 and 555; extension of the wall to Shanhaiguan 932
From Pianguan, via Yanmenguan and Pingxingguan, to Xiaguan 124 557
Renovation of the former built wall; construction of the section along the Taihang Mountain between Shanxi and Hebei Unknown
Northern Zhou
Renovation of the Northern Qi Great Wall
Sui Dynasty (581 - 618)
Sui Dynasty
From the bank of the Yellow River in Ningxia to Inner Mongolia, Shanxi and Hebei


581 - 608
Song Dynasty
(960 - 1279)
Song Dynasty The border area between Laohekou City of Hubei and Dengzhou City of Henan 19 988
Liao Dynasty (916 - 1125)
Liao Dynasty
Along the Songhua River in Liaoning
Jin (Jurchen)
(1115 - 1234)

Jin Dynasty
From the Nenjiang River in Heilongjiang to the Hetao Plain in the upper and middle reaches of the Yellow River

12th-13th century
Ming Dynasty (1368 - 1644)
From Jiayuguan Pass of Gansu in the west, via Gansu, Ningxia, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Inner Mongolia, Beijing, Tianjin, and Hebei, to the Hushan Great Wall of Liaoning Province in the east



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